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Abstract

Objectives: share our experience on the cervical scanner for the clinical suspicion of Eagle syndrome.


Materials and methods: iconographic review over a period of 03 years from 01 August 2015 to 01 August 2018 including 43 patients, received in the radiology and medical imaging department of the regional hospital of Diourbel in a context of suspicion of Eagle syndrome in whom we performed a cervical CT scan without and with injection of contrast agent. The parameters studied were the length of the styloid process (normal less than 25 mm), topography, type according to the Langlais classification and the presence of vascular complications. The data were analysed using SPSS 24 and Excel 2016 software.


Results: The average age was 38 and the sex ratio was 13.3 in favour of women. CT scan results were abnormal in 30 patients (70%).


The average length of the styloid process elongations was 37.9 mm. It was bilateral in 23 patients (77%), unilateral right in 4 patients (13%) and unilateral left in 3 patients (10%).


Type 1 according to the Langlais classification was found in 21 patients (70%) followed by type 3 in 8 patients (27%). No vascular complications were found.


Conclusion: The CT scan made it possible to diagnose Eagle syndrome and to specify the type.


RÉSUMÉ 


Objectifs : partager notre expérience sur le scanner cervical pour la suspicion clinique du syndrome d’Eagle.


Matériels et méthodes : revue iconographique sur une période de 03 ans allant du 01 aout 2015 au 01 août 2018 incluant 43 patients, reçus dans le service de radiologie et imagerie médicale de l’hôpital régional de Diourbel dans un contexte de suspicion de syndrome d’Eagle chez qui nous avons réalisé une TDM cervicale sans et avec injection de produit de contraste. Les paramètres étudiés étaient la longueur du processus styloïde (normale inférieure à 25 mm), la topographie, le type selon la classification de Langlais et la présence de complications vasculaires. Les données ont été analysées avec les logiciels SPSS 24 et Excel 2016.


Résultats : L’âge moyen était de 38 ans et le sex-ratio de 13,3 en faveur des femmes. Les résultats de la TDM étaient anormaux chez 30 patients (70%). La longueur moyenne des élongations du processus styloïde était de 37,9 mm. Elle était bilatérale chez 23 patients (77 %), unilatérale droite chez 4 patients (13%) et unilatérale gauche chez 3 patients (10%).  Le type 1 selon la classification de Langlais était trouvé chez 21 patients (70%) suivi du type 3 chez 8 patients (27%). Aucune complication vasculaire n’a été retrouvée.


Conclusion : la tomodensitométrie a permis de poser le diagnostic de syndrome d’Eagle et de préciser le type.

Article Details

How to Cite
admin, admin, DEME Hamidou, EL HASSANI Hamza, BALDE Djibril, ABOUABDILLAH Soukaina, BADJI Nfally, AKPO Léra Géraud, DIOP Abdoulaye Dione, DIOP Abdoulaye Ndoye, & NIANG El Hadji. (2021). Aspects tomodensitométriques du syndrome d’Eagle au centre hospitalier régional Heinrich Lübke de Diourbel : à propos de 30 cas. Journal Africain d’Imagerie Médicale (J Afr Imag Méd)., 12(4). https://doi.org/10.55715/jaim.v12i4.164

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